Become Emery Allen Epub 12: A Poetic Journey of Self-Love and Soulmates
Oral challenge with E. coli O157:H7 by itself did not cause significant changes in microbial community structure. Change in the bacterial community structure was significantly associated with vaccination but independent of the adjuvants used in the vaccine formulations. The significant differences in the GIT bacterial community structure and taxonomic profiles were between Vx-Ch and NonVx-Ch calves, but we did not follow these animals for an extended period to see if the GIT microbiota of Vx-Ch animals would become similar to that of the NonVx-Ch animals over time. A slight reduction in the F:B ratio was observed over the course of the study, regardless of the vaccination/challenge status of calves. However, the abundance of Proteobacteria was significantly greater before and lower after challenge with E. coli O157:H7 in the vaccinated group (Vx-Ch) compared to the non-vaccinated but challenged group (NonVx-Ch).
Become Emery Allen Epub 12